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[personal profile] kutsuwamushi posting in [community profile] korean_wotd
This verb suffix is one used to express the past tense. With descriptive verbs, it denotes a past state:

날씨가 아주 포근어요.
The weather was quite nice and warm.

(Note that 하다 is showing its irregular conjugation again.)

With action verbs, it can mean a past action, as in:

나는 공을 찼다.
I kicked the ball.

Or it can mean a present state that has resulted from a past, completed action, as in:

나는 결혼했다.
I got married.
I am married.

Which of these two—got married, or am married—depends on the context. Using Korean also gives 잘 생겼다 as another example of this suffix used to describe a present state. It uses the past tense with the verb 생기다 "be created, formed" to describe the present state "is handsome."

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